How To Check PC Hardware On Windows 10 and 11?


Your computer is not as simple as just the CPU and monitor. There are many components inside the computer that you may want to know more about. If you wish to install new hardware or find out what is wrong with the current one, it helps if you know hardware basics. If you have a Windows 10 PC and Windows 11 PC, many functions are in-built, and to know about certain specs, you can use apps that can be installed to help you with the required data. 

How To Check PC Specs On Windows 10 and 11?

The basic information about your Windows 10, 11 PC can be obtained using five methods. The first one is pretty easy.

1.    Go to Start > Settings > System > About.

All the necessary information like RAM, version, CPU, and the like can be found here.

2.    Using System Information App

If you want detailed information, you can first tap the Windows key and type ‘msinfo. Now the System Information App will open. Here you will get a lot more information regarding system model, virtual memory, Windows version, and processor type, to name a few. 

System Information App
System Information App (msinfo)

3.     Using the Command Line

This method to fetch information uses the Command Prompt or Power Shell. First, launch a Command Prompt or Power Shell instance as an admin. Type ‘systeminfo’ in the prompt and tap on Enter. Now, the system information like Windows version, computer model, BIOS etc will be displayed after system analysis.

Type systeminfo in cmd or Power Shell and tap on Enter
Type “systeminfo” in cmd or Power Shell and tap on Enter.

4.    Using Task Manager

In this method, you just have to open the Task Manager that shows information about RAM, disk performance, CPU, and more.

Task Manager
Task Manager

5.    Using a Third-Party App

The last method is to use third-party apps like Speccy that give user-friendly solutions for your requirements. The system will be analyzed by the app and gives a GUI that gives information regarding BIOS version, Windows version, motherboard info, and much more.

How To Check Motherboard Model Windows 10, 11?

Go to start and open CMD. Enter wmic baseboard get product, Manufacturer, version, serial number, and tap Enter. All the data regarding the motherboard will be listed.

How To Check Memory (RAM)?

You can easily check the maximum RAM capacity using Command Prompt.

  • Search for cmd in the search box and tap on Run as administrator to open the command prompt.
  • or Press Window + R and Enter cmd
  • Type wmic memphysical get maxcapacity in the command prompt and press Enter. The maximum RAM capacity will now be displayed on the screen.

How to check RAM type?

To check the RAM type, open Task Manager and click Performance tab. Go to the column on the left and select Memory. A box opens on the top right where it will be specified how much RAM you have and what RAM type the system is running.

Task Manager
Task Manager

How to check RAM model?

Use these steps to find out all the memory specifications, including the RAM model:

1. Open Start

2. Type in Command prompt (cmd) and open Command Prompt from the list. Select Run as administrator option.

3. Type wmic memorychip list full, and the RAM model will be listed along with other memory details.

How to check RAM frequency? (How to check RAM Speed (mhz)?)

The frequency of RAM means the number of commands it can process per second. It is also called the RAM speed. The speed of RAM is measured in MHz.

Follow these steps to check the speed of RAM using Command Prompt.

1. Open Start, Search for Command Prompt and open it. Select the Run as administrator

2. Or Press Window + R and Enter “cmd

3. Type in wmic memorychip get devicelocator, speed and press Enter

4. You can find the speed under the Speed column.

check RAM frequency
Check RAM frequency (Speed)

How to check RAM capacity?

Use these steps to find the total amount of RAM installed on your device.

1. Open Start

2. Search for Command Prompt and open it. Select the Run as administrator

3. Type in wmic computersystem get totalphysicalmemory and press Enter

4. You can find the amount of RAM per module under the Capacity column

If you want the data in gigabytes, divide the number by 1,073,741,824.

Check RAM capacity
Check RAM capacity

 How to check RAM Health?

 There are a couple of ways to check RAM health in Windows 11. One of the fastest ways is to use the Windows Memory Diagnostic.

1. Open Start and type mdsched.exe and press Enter

2. When prompted, restart the computer, and it will boot to the Diagnostic tool

3. Press F1 and select one out of three choices to run the Basic, Standard, or Extended tests. Your selection determines the effectiveness of the test and the time required.

4. Once done, Windows will reboot automatically, and you will get notifications when you re-enter Windows regarding the presence of errors, if any.

How to check RAM Usage?

1. Open Task Manager by pressing CTRL + Shift +Esc

2. Tap Detail and Tap on the Performance tab.

3. Select the memory box. This box shows the RAM usage where you can get info like how much RAM is in use and how much more is available. 

How to check CPU on Windows 10 and Windows 11?

How to check CPU Clock Speed?

1. Open Task Manager by pressing CTRL + Shift +Esc

2. Tap on the Performance tab.

3. Select the CPU box to view the speed details and a variable CPU percentage utilization figure.

How to check CPU Usage?

1. Select the Search icon on the taskbar and type task manager

2. Open Task Manager and select CPU

3. A list will be opened that shows the apps that are using the CPU among which the ones that use more CPU will be listed on top of the list

Task Manager
Task Manager

How to check CPU Health?

You will have to install the PC Health Check app to get accurate data about your device’s health.

1. Once the app is installed, search for PC Health Check in the taskbar and select it from the list 

2. Select Open Windows Update to go to Windows Update in Settings. You can keep your system updated so that it functions smoothly.

3. The Battery Capacity section gives an idea of how the batteries are performing. Select See battery saving tips to see the steps you can follow to improve the battery.

4. The Storage Capacity section shows how much storage space is used for the device’s main drive that contains your apps, files, and Windows. You can see how much percentage of the drive is full.

5. The Startup Time section gives information about your device’s startup time and details about what affects these times.

How to check CPU Temp?

1. Boot into BIOS mode.

2. Open the Start menu, tap on the Power button, and then the Restart option.

3. Keep pressing the BIOS key of your motherboard at the boot screen of your computer. The key is usually DEL or F2.

4. You can see the CPU temperature listed when you enter BIOS

How to check graphics card (GPU) on Window 10 and Windows 11?

How to check GPU Memory?

You can check GPU memory using Task Manager.

1. Open Task Manager by clicking CTRL + Shift + Esc

2. Go to the Performance tab and tap on the GPU section

3. GPU memory and other details are listed below the GPU item on the left sidebar.

Performance tab
Performance tab

How to check GPU Temp?

1. Open Task Manager and go to the Performance tab

2. Press the GPU item to see the data related to GPU, including GPU temperature

How to check GPU Health?

You can check GPU health using DirectX Diagnostic Tool that tests DirectX functioning and troubleshooting.

1. Press Windows + R to open the RUN window

2. Type dxdiag and hit enter to open DirectX Diagnostic Tool

3. Click on the Display tab to check the detailed information of the graphics card

How to check GPU Usage?

Windows comes with a native option to display data about the usage. Windows 11 has an application installed named Xbox Game Bar. Press Windows + G to display its overlay. When you select performance, you can see the GPU usage displayed.

How To Check Drivers On Windows Window 10 and 11?

How to check HDD Health?

Windows has a built-in tool CHKDSK to scan your disk, find bad sectors and system errors, and check HDD health. Open Search and type cmd.

In the command prompt, select Run as administrator. Enter chkdsk at the prompt and press Enter to run a basic scan.

How To Check SSD Health?

As Windows has no tool in itself to check SSD health, you can download CrystalDiskInfo. Open the software tool and run the program, and you can see information about your SSD, including a box named Health Status that displays the general health of SSD. The tool highlights if any issues need your attention.

How To Check SSD Speed?

The read/write speed of an SSD can be found using the Task Manager. Start copying a large file from one location to another on the SSD.

Go to Task Manager simultaneously and go to the Performance tab. Select Disk, and you can see the speed under the performance graphs.

Performance tab
Performance tab

How To Check Maximum HDD/SSD Capacity?

This can be done using the command prompt. Run command prompt as administrator and type in diskpart. You must then type list disk, and you will get all the information about your disk, including maximum capacity.

How To Check Battery Health?

1. Open the command prompt and select Run as administrator

2. In the command prompt, type powercfg/batteryreport and press Enter

3. The battery report is saved as an HTML file which can be accessed by opening the File Explorer and going to the folder where the file is saved. The report will give you detailed info about battery usage and capacity.

FAQs

How to check the DirectX version in Windows 10 and 11?

1. Open Start and click Run or Press Window + R

2. Type dxdiag and click OK

3. You can see the version of DirectX on the DirectX Version line under the System tab

4. You can check the different versions of each DirectX file on different tabs

How to check VRAM on Windows 10 and Windows 11?

1. Go to Windows Settings and select System Settings

2. Choose the Display option and come down to select Advanced display settings

3. Click the Display adapter properties entry by selecting the monitor you want to view settings for

4. Check the current video RAM displayed near Dedicated Video Memory

How to check monitor size?

1. Open Settings and tap on the System tab seen on the left side pane

2. Tap on the Display tab seen on the right side pane

3. Go to Display Resolution under Scale & Layout section where you can see the current screen resolution of your monitor

How to check computer specs using cmd?

1. Press Windows + R to get the Run window.

2. Enter cmd and open the command prompt

3. In the command prompt, type systeminfo and hit Enter to display the specs for your system

How to check USB ports?  

1. Open the Device Manager

2. In Device Manager, click on ‘+’ seen next to Universal Serial Bus controllers. The USB ports installed on your system will be displayed now.

It really helps if you know the specifications of your computer. In most cases, there are only a few simple steps to follow to uncover the details of particular hardware. Even if you don’t have any requirement right now, keeping the information for future use does not hurt.

Andy Avery

I really enjoy helping people with their tech problems to make life easier, ​and that’s what I’ve been doing professionally for the past decade.

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